99thGALogo webSPRINGFIELD — State Senator Kwame Raoul (D-Chicago 13th) applauded the signing today of two pieces of legislation he sponsored to reform the juvenile justice system, limiting the number of young people committed to Department of Juvenile Justice facilities and adult prisons and the average amount of time they spend there.

Floor 2 3 15 web“For most juvenile offenders, especially those who have committed non-violent crimes, we see better outcomes and lower rates of recidivism when they are able to live in the community and attend school, rather than being detained in a facility far from home,” Raoul said. “I’m grateful to Cook County Board President Toni Preckwinkle and her chief of staff, Kim Foxx, for working with me to eliminate the automatic transfer of minors to the adult court system, and to DJJ Director Candace Jones for helping me pass sweeping reforms within the Department of Juvenile Justice.”

House Bill 3718 will eliminate all automatic transfers of children charged with crimes from the juvenile system to adult criminal courts. It will also limit the number of cases in which “presumptive transfers” will be made, giving judges more discretion to decide the best setting for trying and sentencing minors based on the particulars of each case. Finally, the new law enumerates mitigating factors a judge may take into consideration when sentencing a person under 18; these include maturity level, presence of a developmental disability, home environment, history of childhood trauma, prior criminal record and potential for rehabilitation.

When Senate Bill 1560 takes effect, juveniles will no longer be committed to DJJ facilities for misdemeanor offenses. The law also ensures that no minor will be confined to a DJJ facility for longer than an adult would be incarcerated for the same offense and that no minor will be detained in a county jail for committing an act that wouldn’t be illegal if an adult engaged in it. The measure also sets maximum terms of aftercare (the juvenile equivalent of parole) for different types of offenses; currently there is no legal limit on the amount of time DJJ can be made responsible for supervising a young person following release. And it establishes parity by requiring that courts provide DJJ with the same information they provide to the Department of Corrections for adult offenders, to help them more effectively rehabilitate minors in their care.

The two laws will take effect in January of 2016.

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99thGALogo webSPRINGFIELD — State Senator Kwame Raoul (D-Chicago 13th) and Sen. Dan Kotowski (D-Park Ridge) hailed the governor’s decision to sign tough new youth concussion legislation today as a major step forward for student health, on and off the field.

“As a parent of two children who have suffered concussions recently, I understand that brains take time to heal,” said Raoul, the measure’s sponsor. “With this law in place, parents can feel more confident that their young student athletes will be given the time and accommodations needed to fully recover from a concussion.”

“Concussions can have a serious impact on a student’s performance on the field and in the classroom,” said Kotowski, the legislation’s co-sponsor. “These new guidelines protect students from the potential long-term effects a concussion can have if it is not treated properly. I commend Sen. Raoul for his leadership on this issue, and look forward to working with him as we learn more about the side effects of concussions.”

When the General Assembly first considered Senate Bill 7, Tregg Duerson testified about his father, Dave Duerson, whose professional football career spanned eleven seasons and included a Super Bowl win with the legendary 1985 Chicago Bears. After retiring from the NFL, the elder Duerson began experiencing headaches, dizzy spells, memory loss, depression and flashes of anger and irritability. He believed he was suffering from chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a brain disease brought on by repeated blows to the head, and before taking his life in 2011, he asked his family to donate his brain to Boston University researchers who could test for CTE. The autopsy confirmed his self-diagnosis, and at least 20 other deceased professional football players have been found to have suffered from the disease.

“It gives me great satisfaction that Illinois has taken this major step toward preventing brain injuries like the one that destroyed my father’s life,” the younger Duerson said. “My father’s story and the stories of many professional athletes who played at time when concussions were poorly managed have increased awareness of brain health in sports and are ushering in a new era where athletes at every level receive better care.”

“It is extremely important for a young person who has suffered a concussion not only to make a gradual transition back into physical activity but also to gradually transition back to full participation school and cognitive activities such as reading, doing homework, taking tests or using electronic devices,” said Dr. Cynthia LaBella, medical director of the Institute of Sports Medicine at the Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital and an expert in pediatric concussions. “Illinois students are better protected now that state law recognizes the need for both athletic and academic accommodations.”

The new law expands current requirements so that all children participating in school-sponsored athletic activities are protected – at the elementary, middle and high school levels and at public, private and charter schools. These requirements include having emergency plans in place to deal with severe injuries that arise during sporting events, designating a “concussion oversight team” of health care professionals to develop and implement concussion policies and following Illinois High School Association protocols for taking student athletes out of a practice or game and allowing them to return after a concussion. The IHSA supports the new approach.

For the first time, the measure also requires schools to have “return-to-learn” policies in place so students who have suffered concussions – at a school-sponsored athletic event or anywhere else — can ease back into classroom attendance and academic work.

The new law takes effect immediately, in time for the start of the 2015-16 school year.

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ISDC logoMeasure first in the nation to set body cam protocols, implement presidential policing task force recommendations

SPRINGFIELD — State Senator Kwame Raoul (D-Chicago 13th) has negotiated and secured passage of a groundbreaking law enforcement reform package that includes standards for the use of officer-worn body cameras. Its approval makes Illinois the first state in the nation to pass legislation codifying many of the recommendations of President Obama's Task Force on 21st Century Policing, which released a report this spring in the wake of widespread concern over police-community relations and racial disparities in officers' interactions with the public.

"Quickly yet carefully, we crafted a package of reforms that demonstrate a serious commitment to restoring trust between law enforcement and communities," said Raoul, who has worked since last year on body camera standards and other reforms. "The steps we have taken today are a response to recent, tragic officer-involved deaths but also a public acknowledgement that communities are only truly safe for all their residents when police and the people they serve can trust one another. We know there is much progress to be made on that front, and that was the impetus for this proposal."

 

Working with State Representative Elgie Sims (D-Chicago 34th), who sponsored the legislation in the House, Sen. Tom Bivens (R-Dixon), Rep. John Anthony (R-Morris) and Rep. John Cabello (R-Loves Park), Raoul brought community and civil liberties groups, law enforcement, states' attorneys and the Attorney General together to negotiate a package that puts Illinois at the forefront of restoring public trust in law enforcement.

 

"These were difficult but respectful bipartisan negotiations that I think can serve as a model for how we handle many complex issues in state government," Raoul said.

 

Senate Bill 1304 implements numerous recommendations of the federal task force by

 

• Requiring independent investigations of all officer-involved deaths
• Improving mandatory officer training in areas such as the proper use of force, cultural competency, recognizing implicit bias, interacting with persons with disabilities and assisting victims of sexual assault
• Creating a statewide database of officers who have been dismissed due to misconduct or resigned during misconduct investigations
• Improving data collection and reporting of officer-involved and arrest-related deaths and other serious incidents
• Establishing a Commission on Police Professionalism to make further recommendations on the training and licensing of law enforcement officers

 

The legislation also prohibits the use of choke holds by police and expands the Traffic Stop Statistical Study, which provides insights into racial disparities in vehicular stops and searches, to include pedestrians whom officers "stop and frisk" or temporarily detain for questioning. Finally, it codifies rules concerning the appointment of special prosecutors.

 

SB 1304 floor webIllinois is also poised to become the first state with standards and protocols that apply to any of the state's law enforcement agencies that choose to use body cameras. These policies include:

 

• The cameras must be turned on at all times when an officer is responding to a call for service or engaged in law enforcement activities.
• The cameras can be turned off at the request of a crime victim or witness, or when an officer is talking with a confidential informant.
• Recordings are exempt from FOIA with some exceptions:
      • Recordings can be "flagged" if they have evidentiary value in relation to a use of force incident, the discharge of a weapon or a death.
      • "Flagged" recordings may be disclosed in accordance with the Freedom of Information Act; however, in certain sensitive situations, such as a recording of a sexual assault, victim consent is required prior to disclosure.
• Recordings must be retained for 90 days or, if "flagged," for two years or until final disposition of the case in which the recording is being used as evidence.

While SB 1304 does not require law enforcement agencies to deploy the small, uniform-mounted recording devices, it does create a competitive grant program for departments to obtain money toward purchasing the cameras. The grants, as well as the legislation's additional training requirements, will be funded by a $5 increase in fines for traffic violations.

 

"Improving police-community relations is about making cultural changes over time, and no single technology or policy will bring about the sea change we need," Raoul said. "That's why Illinois is taking the lead in implementing a large toolbox of reforms I believe will work together to combat misconduct, misunderstanding and mistrust."

 

The reform package passed the House Thursday and the Senate today; it must now go to the governor's desk for his signature before becoming law.

 

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FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
May 8, 2015

 

SPRINGFIELD — State Senator Kwame Raoul (D-Chicago 13th) issued the following statement on the Illinois Supreme Court's decision, handed down today, that a 2013 measure reducing retirement benefits for teachers and state workers is unconstitutional and will not take effect:

 Today, the state's highest court affirmed that, as in all matters, we are bound by the plain language of the Illinois Constitution on the question of public employee benefits. This is not surprising news, nor is it an unwelcome reminder; constitutional limits protect us all – especially in times of fiscal crisis. The Court effectively illustrated the cyclical nature of economic fortunes, noting that Illinois faced a pension funding emergency at the time our current constitution was drafted. The rule of law remains a guiding constant.

This decision is a call to go back to the negotiating table and get serious about the range of options available to us to repair the state's finances and meet its obligations in ways consistent with the constitution, sustainable for the future and fair to all concerned.

A number of approaches remain open to us, but the Court has made clear that the constitution's prohibition on unilateral modifications applies to the lifetime of the contract made at the time of employment, not merely to benefits already accrued.

We return to our task aided by the insights of the Court, fully aware of our constitutional responsibilities as well as the severity of our fiscal condition, in partnership with all affected and open to new ideas.

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Legislation aims to protect students - on and off the field - from the lasting effects of brain injury

SPRINGFIELD - State Senator Kwame Raoul (D-Chicago 13th) and advocates — from a pediatric sports medicine expert to the son of a Super Bowl winner whose brain injury cost him his quality of life — testified today in a Senate committee that approved tough new protections for students who suffer concussions.

"As a parent of two children who have suffered concussions, I understand that brains take time to heal," Raoul said. "With emergency plans in place and an awareness of the accommodations needed for youth who sustain concussions, schools can help their students reach their full potential and avoid debilitating brain injuries."

Tregg Duerson testified to committee members about his father, Dave Duerson, whose professional football career spanned eleven seasons and included a Super Bowl win with the legendary 1985 Chicago Bears. After retiring from the NFL, the elder Duerson began experiencing headaches, dizzy spells, memory loss, depression and flashes of anger and irritability. He believed he was suffering from chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a brain disease brought on by repeated blows to the head, and before taking his life in 2011, he asked his family to donate his brain to Boston University researchers who could test for CTE. The autopsy confirmed his self-diagnosis, and at least 20 other deceased professional football players have been found to have suffered from the disease.

Raoul and Duerson cropped web"My father and his peers played football at the highest level at a time when concussions were mismanaged," the younger Duerson said. "Awareness is now at an all-time high, and now is the time for our generation to get it right. My hope is that we don't see CTE developing in today's young players, because we get it right and manage their head injuries appropriately."

"Concussion is often an 'invisible injury'; most people who have a concussion don't lose consciousness, and symptoms can manifest themselves up to 24 hours later," said Dr. Cynthia LaBella, medical director of the Institute of Sports Medicine at the Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital and an expert in pediatric concussions. "It's important for a child who has had a concussion to take a cognitive rest, with accommodations such as attending school part-time, giving extra time to complete assignments and limiting time spent reading or looking at an electronic device. We know now that it takes even longer for younger children to recover from concussions than older youth, so expanding state law to cover elementary and middle school students, not just high school students, is key."

Senate Bill 7, sponsored by Raoul and co-sponsored by Senators Dan Kotowski and Ira Silverstein, expands current requirements so that all children participating in school-sponsored athletic activities are protected – at the elementary, middle and high school levels and at public, private and charter schools. These requirements include having emergency plans in place to deal with severe injuries that arise during sporting events, designating a "concussion oversight team" of health care professionals to develop and implement concussion policies and following Illinois High School Association protocols for taking student athletes out of a practice or game and allowing them to return after a concussion. The IHSA supports the legislation.

For the first time, the measure also requires schools to have "return-to-learn" policies in place so students who have suffered concussions – at a school-sponsored athletic event or anywhere else — can ease back into classroom attendance and academic work. The sponsors and supporters emphasized that a gradual return to both physical and cognitive activity is necessary to allow the brain to heal. Dr. LaBella testified that sustaining a second concussion before fully recovering from a first increases a person's likelihood of developing long-term complications.

"For many of our young people, playing a sport is a powerful opportunity for achievement, personal growth, fitness and teamwork," Raoul said. "We want to ensure the door of opportunity stays open for youth to continue playing but also to succeed in the classroom and lead long, healthy lives."

Now that the Senate Education Committee has recommended the legislation, it will go to the full Senate for a vote.

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